The United States has no plans to send a lander to Mars.
In a statement to Al Jazeera, a spokesperson for Nasa said: “There are no plans for a land mission to Mars.”
However, Nasa has confirmed that the agency has been studying how to land a small rover on Mars.
NASA’s Mars 2020 rover has already travelled more than 3.5 million kilometres, with a mission that is expected to take up to 15 years.
The Mars 2020 mission was launched in 2020 and is currently on a five-year mission.
A plan for a landing on Mars has been under development since the late 1980s.
In 2005, the American Institute for Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) began a Mars 2020 program called the Mars 2020 Exploration Mission Concept, which was funded by NASA and the private sector.
The concept is intended to provide a “planetary architecture for the human exploration of Mars that has the capability of landing on the Red Planet and establishing human habitation”.
In June 2020, the AIAA launched its first Mars 2020 lander, called the HiRISE, on its way to Mars, but the mission was cancelled in 2019.
In December 2020, Nasa announced that the HiRCES would be carrying a new spacecraft to Mars: the Mars Express, a landers-and-drone combination called the ExoMars rover.
It is designed to carry two landers, the Mars Trace Gas Orbiter (MRGO), and a robot named Spirit.
Both the MRGO and Spirit are equipped with solar panels, which will be used to create an atmosphere on Mars in the 2020s.
The MRGO’s mission will be launched from the Mojave Desert in California in 2018, with the mission to the Red World in 2022.
The ExoMSO rover is designed as a space-based instrument that will conduct high-resolution measurements of Martian surface activity.
In 2022, the ExosMars rover will be on the surface of Mars and will also carry the Spirit rover.
The rover will explore the surface and take samples for study, including carbon dioxide and water samples, and send back the data to Earth.
The two rover teams are expected to be sent to the surface on a 2020 mission, with mission control responsible for ensuring the mission is successful.
Nasa is also planning to launch the rover Spirit in 2022, followed by the ExoSMars rover in 2022 and the Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) in 2023.
The three Mars missions will take about eight years to complete.
The 2020 rover is set to land on Mars at the end of 2022.
As a result of the 2019 rover’s failure, Nasa is not expecting to send another rover to the planet before 2023, the first time in history that a land rover has been sent to Mars in such a short period of time.